cartography can be considered a trend in cartography. However there
are other recent trends that affect cartography and the way web cartography
is developing. These have to do with the impact of visualisation and
the need for interactivity and dynamics as well as the widespread use
of geographical information systems resulting in many more maps being
produced by many more people. In the context of geospatial data handling,
the cartographic visualisation process is considered to be the translation
or conversion of geospatial data from a database into map-like products.
This process is guided by the saying "How do I say what to whom, and
is it effective?"
developments have given the word visualisation an enhanced meaning.
According to the dictionary, it means 'make visible' and it can be argued
that this has always been the business of cartographers. However, progress
in other disciplines has linked the word to more specific ways in which
modern computer technology can facilitate the process of 'making visible'
in real time. This results in visualisation for presentation and exploration.
Presentation fits into the traditional realm of cartography, where the
cartographer works on known geospatial data and creates communicative
maps. These maps are often created for multiple uses. Exploration, however,
often involves a discipline expert creating maps while dealing with
unknown data. These maps are generally for a single purpose, expedient
in the expert's attempt to solve a problem. While dealing with the data,
the expert should be able to rely on cartographic expertise, provided
by the software or some other means.
In the past
cartography played an important role in the exploration of the world.
Maps were used to chart unknown territories. A new phase in mapping
the unknown has recently started. This does not refer to the cartographic
or geographic exploration discussed in the previous paragraph. It deals
with the mapping of cyberspace.
Updating in progress
(April 17, 2002)